Explore Research at CIERA
CIERA Research Topics
Researchers at CIERA study a wide variety of topics, all with the aim of advancing the field of astrophysics and expanding our understanding of the Universe. Explore the categories below to learn more about the research currently being done at CIERA.
Black Holes & Dead Stars
Supermassive black holes at the centers of galaxies, elusive intermediate mass black holes, and dead stars in the form of black holes, neutron stars, or white dwarfs, are the densest objects in the Universe. They are central players in much of modern astrophysics, but we have only been aware of and studying these objects for less than a century. Our observational record is less than five decades long. As such, there are still many unanswered questions about how these systems form and evolve over cosmic time. CIERA is the home to a broad group of researchers in theory, simulation, and observation that study these exotic objects.Read More
Exoplanets & The Solar System
Since the discovery of the first exoplanet just over twenty years ago, the study of exoplanets has grown explosively. By now, astronomers have discovered thousands of exoplanets, with an incredibly diverse array of properties. This growth will undoubtedly continue into the future, as new kinds of planets are being observed with increasingly advanced telescopes. Researchers at CIERA study exoplanets theoretically and build instruments to directly image them.Read More
Galaxies & Cosmology
The most obvious large structures in the Universe are the galaxies, which over the span of cosmic time have been the nexus for both the evolution of stars and large-scale structure in the Universe. CIERA researchers are engaged in understanding both the evolution of the galaxies and the environments they are embedded in, as well as the stellar populations they are comprised of and the supermassive black holes they host.Read More
Gravitational Waves & Multi-Messenger Astronomy
Multi-messenger astronomy is the synthesis of observations using light, gravitational waves, and astro particles. Combining different information from different types of signals allows us to better understand the underlying physical processes that govern how astrophysical systems evolve and change, and helps us get a better handle on the uncertainties and statistics that are inherent to every observation we make. In CIERA, we have broad expertise and interest in multi-messenger astronomy, particularly at the interface of electromagnetic and gravitational-wave observations.Read More
Life & Death of Stars
Stars are the fundamental building blocks and probes of the Universe. They are formed in stellar nurseries enshrouded by dust and gas, and end their lives in violent explosions, creating some of the most captivating events one can witness. Faculty in CIERA study, model, and observe many stages of a star's life from birth to death, the planets formed around them, how they impact their environments, as well as the remnants they leave behind.Read More
Stellar Dynamics & Stellar Populations
Stars are among the most numerous objects in the Cosmos, and are the primary objects that make the bulk of larger structures we observe. They are born together, and consequently evolve together, often interacting with a close companion over the course of their lives, or interacting dynamically with many other stars in the dense stellar environments in which they are found. These interactions have profound influence on the long term evolution of stars. In CIERA, we consider numerical and theoretical models of stellar interactions and use them to understand and explain observations of stars across the Milky Way, and in dense stellar systems.Read More
There are many different methods used to study the cosmos. CIERA researchers use observations and data analysis to make measurements of astronomical phenomena, use theory and computation to explain and predict what we see, and build innovative new instruments to see farther and in more detail than ever before.
Observational & Data Science
Observational researchers carry out observations of astronomical phenomena with a variety of telescopes and use sophisticated data analysis techniques to see what is happening in the Universe.
Theory & Computational
Theoretical and computational researchers use physics to develop theories and write computer simulations to explain and explore astronomical processes.
Researchers specializing in instrumentation design and build new technology and instruments to push the limits of what we can see in the Universe.
A variety of advanced facilities are available to CIERA researchers.
CIERA members are active in AI research and have committed time and resources to maximize the scientific return with AI.
High Performance Computing
CIERA Researchers have access to Northwestern's Quest High Performance Computing Cluster as well as the specialized Grail Cluster.
Astronomers at Northwestern have access to some of the largest ground-based observational facilities in the world.
The Research Shop provides Instrumentation Design, Engineering, and Production services to the Northwestern Research community.
Connecting astronomy to the public is at the core of CIERA's mission. Every Friday night, Dearborn is open for public viewing.
CIERA is an active member of several large multi-institutional research collaborations.
VERA C. RUBIN OBSERVATORY
Legacy Survey of Space and Time
VERA C. RUBIN OBSERVATORY
Northwestern/CIERA is an institutional member of the LSST collaboration, which will produce a 500 petabyte Legacy Survey of Space and Time, designed to address some of the biggest questions about our Universe.
LIGO SCIENTIFIC COLLABORATION
Laser Interferometer Gravitational-Wave Observatory
LIGO SCIENTIFIC COLLABORATION
Northwestern/CIERA is an institutional member of the the LIGO Scientific Collaboration. LIGO detects gravitational waves caused by objects such as merging black holes.
Laser Interferometer Space Antenna
Northwestern/CIERA is a member of the LISA consortium. LISA is a space-based gravitational wave detector that will be flown near the end of the next decade.